Vocational Training Agreement
If students have an apprenticeship contract, the practical part of the training must be completed in the company. You will find advice for both students and companies wishing to take an apprenticeship in a national career guidance network managed since 2001 by the Hungarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry. Under the Vocational Training Act, local chambers must support, supervise, validate and register the conclusion of training contracts, and they also participate in career counselling activities for primary school students. Because learning is not a separate path, the overall governance system and regulatory framework are the same in every vocational training program, regardless of where the practical training takes place. The professional qualifications acquired are also the same and refer to levels 3 and 4 of the NQ in Hungary. The CLXXXVII Act of 2011 on vocational education and training sets out the specific rules for practical training on the basis of a training contract. The contribution to vocational training of 1.5% of the tax on social contributions set by the tax legislation is compulsory for companies registered in Hungary or abroad. The contribution to vocational training is therefore practically a tax on vocational training, which is applied to companies on 1.5% of the total cost of labour. Businesses that provide hands-on training must pay the student a regular monthly allowance, including vacation periods. Trainees receive between 10.5 and 19.5% of the mandatory minimum wage (161,000 HUF) during the first cycle of vocational training, depending on the share of practical training under the training programme. Businesses that provide hands-on training must pay the student a regular monthly allowance, including school and vacation periods. Companies provide the human and material resources needed to prepare for practical training and practical examination.
The form of training change between the business school and the vocational school depends on qualification, hours of practical training and the agreement between the vocational school and the company. The obligation to contribute can be met in three ways: (1) by payment to the National Employment Fund Development and Training Fund; (2) by organising the practical training of pupils in vocational schools or in higher education; (3) by organizing training for its own staff. The training contract is partially covered by the labour code. This is a formal agreement (contract) between the student and the employer (company). This contract is governed by Section 25 of the CLXXVII Act 2011 on vocational education and training. On the basis of the decision of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the company cannot pursue alternating vocational training. The origins of alternating vocational training go back a long way in Hungary. This type of training was predominant in the training of skilled workers before the change of political regime (1989) and it was only the economic collapse of the early 1990s that delayed it by a decade. The institutional system of apprenticeship contracts was defined in detail in 1993 by the Vocational Education and Training Act. Since then, the conditions and content, its operation have changed several times, depending on the needs indicated by the House. As a result of these changes, it has become one of the essential elements of alternating vocational training until 2012.
The Chamber is also responsible for the accreditation and registration of companies that provide practical training, counter-assignment (validation) and registration of training contracts, as well as the inspection of training offers. In recent years, the Chamber has become a major player in vocational training and, through several agreements with the government, it now plays a dominant role in the design of qualifications (development of standards, framework courses and examination procedures), the organisation of vocational training examinations and quality assurance. The students